The Soviet Navy deployed the Project 941 submarine (NATO reporting name: Typhoon) in the 1980s. It was in the Russian Akula class with its name meaning shark, with it being a nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine with displacement when submerged of 48,000 tons. The Typhoon is the biggest ever class of submarine to have been built and is large enough to easily provide accommodation along with living facilities that are decent, for a crew that would have been submerged for some months on end.
[Image Source: Wikimedia]
The Russian Navy stopped the modernization program of the Typhoon, saying that it would prove to be too expensive to modernise the Typhoon as they could build two new Borei-class submarines for the same cost. As Russia revealed that they had eliminated the last of the SS-N-20 missiles in September 2012, it seems that the Typhoons that are remaining have now reached the end of their lifespan.
The Typhoons were said to be not only the largest but also the quietest Russian submarines; they could also maneuverer well. The Typhoon was able to remain underwater for around 120 days and had been designed to hold RPK-2 missiles or Type 53 torpedoes. One of the primary systems of weapons was twenty R-39 ballistic missiles which came with 10 MIRV nuclear warheads each maximum. Even when moored at the docks the Typhoon could deploy the long range missiles.
Thanks to the multiple pressure hulls in the Typhoon-class the internal design could be simplified and as the result of this the vessel was a lot wider than the typical submarine.
A total of six Typhoon-Class submarines were to have been replaced by the Borei class, beginning in 2010 and 2011. However in 2008 a Naval official made the announcement that two of the Typhoon-Class submarines, one being the TK-17 otherwise known as the Arkhangelsk, the submarine featured in these pictures would stay commissioned. However they are not active within the Russian fleet. In 2011 the defense ministry of Russia chose to write of the Project 941 submarines until 2014 after trials of the Borei-class submarine being successful. In 2013 it was then announced that the Russian Navy would scrap two Typhoons in 2018, these being the TK-17, the one shown here and the TK-20.